How Did Siddhartha Become the Buddha How Did Siddhartha Become the Buddha

How Did Siddhartha Become the Buddha? The Making of Lord Buddha in 8 Fascinating Steps

It was a muggy summer evening when the young prince Siddhartha, heir to the powerful kingdom of Shakya, ventured out of his luxurious palace for the first time in his life.

His exquisite garments fluttered in the gentle breeze as he made his way through the crowded streets, filled with merchants and peasants alike, struggling to eke out a living amidst the mud and grime of the bustling city. But how did Siddhartha become the Buddha?

Siddhartha’s sharp eyes scanned the faces around him, noticing for the first time the poverty, disease, despair, and death that plagued his people.

But how did this transformation come to pass? How did a privileged prince renounce his birthright and seek liberation from the endless cycle of birth and death? To answer this question, we must delve into the rich history, myth, and legend that surrounds the Buddha’s life and teachings.


How Did Siddhartha Become the Buddha?

the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama or the Buddha.
Lumbini, the birthcity of Siddhartha Gautama or the Buddha.- Source: Shutterstock

The Enlightened Buddha, also known as Siddhartha Gautama, is an enigmatic figure whose teachings continue to shape the world today.  The journey of Siddhartha, from prince to wandering ascetic to the enlightened Buddha, is a tale filled with intrigue and wonder.

It all started when Siddhartha was born into a royal family in India. He was sheltered from the suffering of the world but was eventually exposed to it through chance encounters with a sick person, an old person, and a corpse.

These experiences set him on a path of spiritual seeking that led him to leave his luxurious life behind and become a wandering ascetic, practicing extreme forms of self-denial. However, these practices did not bring him the clarity he sought, and he eventually abandoned them to focus on a gentler approach to spirituality.

  • This middle path involved a deep exploration of the mind, and it was through this process that Siddhartha discovered the Four Noble Truths, which form the basis of Buddhist philosophy.
  • The first truth is the existence of suffering, the second is the cause of that suffering (attachment), the third is the possibility of liberation from that suffering, and the fourth is the path to that liberation.
  • This path involves eight steps, known as the Eightfold Path. When Siddhartha reached the final step of the Eightfold Path, known as samadhi or ‘enlightenment,’ he experienced a profound transformation that allowed him to understand the interconnectedness of all things and the nature of suffering.
  • Buddha means enlightenment. After attaining enlightenment Siddhartha Gautam was known as Buddha or the Lord Buddha.
  • He then spent the rest of his life teaching this wisdom to others, and his teachings have continued to inspire seekers of truth and wisdom for over two millennia. His teachings are popularly known as the teachings of Buddha.


1. Siddhartha’s Early Life and Luxury

The Birthplace of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama
Birthplace of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama- Source: Shutterstock

Siddhartha, also known as Buddha, was born into a life of luxury and privilege. Despite his comfort, he felt that something deeper was missing.

At the age of 29, he left his opulent life and began a journey of self-discovery through meditation. Along the way, Siddhartha met various spiritual leaders and tried their teachings but realized that true enlightenment couldn’t be found through external means.

He turned to meditation and discovered the truth within himself. Through meditation and introspection, Siddhartha achieved a state of awareness that allowed him to gain insight into the interconnectedness of all beings and the impermanence of all things.

His journey was full of challenges but Siddhartha’s dedication and perseverance led him to become the Buddha, a respected spiritual leader whose teachings continue to inspire and enlighten people worldwide.


2. His Departure from Palace

The tale of how Siddhartha became the Buddha is not a mere bedtime story to lull you to sleep. It’s a compelling myth that serves as an example of how wisdom can help us find our true selves.

Before he became the Buddha, Siddhartha lived a luxurious life in a palace, sheltered from the realities of the world. However, one day, he encountered the harshness of reality.

He witnessed the suffering of people around him and was deeply moved. He realized that material possessions and wealth would not bring him true happiness and contentment.

So he left his palace and went on a journey to discover the meaning of life. Siddhartha’s departure from his palace is often seen as a symbolic act of letting go of attachments.


3. Siddhartha Relied on Asceticism and Fasting

The Enlightened Buddha is a revered figure in human history. However, the path to enlightenment was difficult.

Siddhartha used tactics like asceticism and fasting to free himself from the cycle of birth and death. He endured long periods of hunger and deprivation to break free from the shackles of desire and attachment.

But he recognized the importance of balance and moderation. But he struggled with the temptation of food and indulgence, showing the need for mindfulness.

Despite hardships, Siddhartha persevered with his inner strength and wisdom. It’s a testament to the power of the human spirit and the infinite potential that resides in us.


4. He Explored the Middle Way

Siddhartha's/ Buddha's statue under the Bodhi tree
Siddhartha’s/ Buddha’s statue under the Bodhi tree- Source: Shutterstock

Buddha’s path to enlightenment was not a simple one. Born into royalty in ancient India, Siddhartha Gautama was sheltered from life’s harsh realities.

However, he eventually became discontent with his extravagant lifestyle and set out on a journey of self-discovery. Along the way, he encountered spiritual teachers but found no answers.

Siddhartha chose to meditate under a bodhi tree until he achieved enlightenment. Despite battling inner demons, doubts, and distractions for 49 days, he overcame them and attained ‘Nirvana,’ a state of peace and enlightenment that marked the beginning of his journey and the founding of Buddhism.

The Middle Way, a balance between materialism and asceticism, played a critical role in Siddhartha’s quest. He realized that indulging in sensory pleasures led to dissatisfaction while denying oneself of them led to harm.

  • The Middle Way became the cornerstone of his teachings. Over the years, Buddha(Siddhartha) taught the Four Noble Truths- suffering, its cause, cessation, and the path to the end of suffering.
  • He focused on compassion, empathy, honesty, and mindful living.
  • Siddhartha’s journey to becoming the Enlightened Buddha was difficult but left behind a vast spiritual legacy that continues to inspire.
  • His journey reminds us of the importance of self-discovery, critical questioning, and the quest for meaning.
  • His teachings remain essential to many philosophical and religious traditions, and his influence endures globally.


5. Siddhartha Practised Meditation and Attained Enlightenment

Siddhartha’s journey to becoming Buddha is a source of fascination for many. His transformation from a prince to a sage was a challenging feat that required meticulous planning, extreme self-discipline, and unwavering dedication.

This journey has inspired millions worldwide to adopt meditation and mindfulness as a path to a fulfilled life. Siddhartha’s path can be broken down into eight key steps, each requiring detachment from the physical world and immersion in the spiritual realm.

His enlightenment was not the end of his journey but the beginning of a new one that demanded compassion, selflessness, and altruism toward others. Siddhartha’s enlightenment continues to be a source of inspiration and motivation for all of us, reminding us of the transformative capabilities of meditation and the power of the mind.


6. Siddhartha’s First Sermon

The Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama teaching disciples
The Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama teaching disciples- Source: Shutterstock

Siddhartha’s first sermon as Buddha marked a significant moment in Buddhist spirituality. It introduced the Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path, the foundation of his Buddhist teachings.

These principles guide seekers to understand and surpass the suffering inherent in human existence using ethical behavior, meditation, and wisdom. This simple yet profound message resonated deeply with the first five disciples who followed the Buddha from his ascetic days.

The impact of the first sermon was transformative, inspiring countless others to follow the path of Buddhist spirituality. This event also created a new community of monks and nuns devoted to Siddhartha’s teachings also known as Buddha’s teachings.

  • The first sermon marked a turning point for Siddhartha, who became the Buddha and began his journey as a teacher and mentor.
  • The path he laid out has been followed by seekers over the centuries, guiding them toward understanding and inner peace.

In essence, the first sermon represents a fundamental shift in our perception of ourselves and our place in the world. It teaches that we can transcend suffering and achieve enlightenment, inspiring people of all backgrounds to explore the world of Buddhist spirituality.


7. Siddhartha Ultimately Formed a Sangha

Siddhartha’s spiritual awakening was greatly influenced by the establishment of Sangha, which roughly means ‘community’. Specifically, it refers to the group of monks and nuns who live a monastic lifestyle and share common beliefs.

  • By building this network, Siddhartha was able to find support and like-minded individuals to aid him in his quest for enlightenment while sharing his teachings and philosophy the world over. 
  • Other religious leaders saw Siddhartha and his community as a threat to their beliefs. But despite the opposition, Siddhartha was successful in gathering followers who embraced his vision of a world free from suffering.
  • The Sangha not only acted as a haven for Siddhartha, but it was also a catalyst in cultivating a sense of community among Buddhist followers.
  • Back then, caste-based segregation was rampant. But the Sangha represented a space where folks from all walks of life could unite, connected by their shared beliefs.

This sense of community grew even stronger with strict rules and codes that govern the lives of monks and nuns. Enlightenment became a group pursuit.

Today, the Sangha still plays a pivotal role in Buddhism, allowing individuals to come together, support each other, and work toward the common goal of achieving inner peace and enlightenment. Creating the Sangha showed the power of communities, with Siddhartha’s legacy continuing to inspire millions worldwide to strive toward meaningful change.


8. Siddhartha’s Legacy Inspires Millions Toward Nirvana

Gautam Buddha
Image from Shutterstock

Buddhist enlightenment is a mysterious and intriguing process of gaining a deep understanding of existence and achieving ultimate liberation from suffering. The story of Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism, is captivating in the path toward Nirvana.

  •  Siddhartha was born into wealth but was troubled by the suffering he saw around him. He left his palace and searched for truth through various spiritual teachers and practices, but nothing satisfied him.
  • Eventually, he sat under a Bodhi tree and resolved to attain enlightenment. Despite immense challenges like temptation, doubt, and pain, Siddhartha persisted.
  • He realized the Four Noble Truths and achieved a state of profound tranquility and insight called Nirvana.
  • As a result, Siddhartha taught the Dharma (the path to enlightenment) to others and inspired millions of people to seek inner peace and wisdom.

While his journey towards Buddhist enlightenment was complex, full of paradoxes, symbols, and myths, at its core is a universal message: anyone can overcome suffering and awaken to their true nature, despite life’s difficulties.

We can take inspiration from the Buddha’s example and strive towards greater awareness, compassion, and freedom on our own journeys.


Frequently Asked Questions

Who was Siddhartha?

Siddhartha Gautama was a prince born in Lumbini, Nepal, who later became known as the Buddha, or the enlightened one.

What was the significance of Siddhartha leaving the palace?

Siddhartha left the palace in search of truth and to find a solution to the problem of suffering.

What is the meaning of Nirvana?

Nirvana is the ultimate goal of Buddhism, which represents the state of being free from suffering and the cycle of birth and death.

What is the significance of the Bodhi tree?

The Bodhi Tree, also known as the Tree of Enlightenment, is the place where Siddhartha Gautama achieved enlightenment and became the Buddha.

What is the meaning of Sangha?

The Sangha refers to the community of Buddhist monks and nuns who have renounced worldly possessions and have dedicated their lives to spiritual practice and the propagation of the Dharma.

What is the story behind Buddha’s first sermon?

The Buddha’s first sermon, known as the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, was delivered to five ascetics whom he had previously practiced self-mortification with. It explained the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path.


Final Thoughts

And so, in the end, we are left with the question: how did Siddhartha become the Buddha? Was it simply a matter of his own willpower and determination, or was there something more at work here?

Perhaps it was his exposure to poverty and suffering in his early life that gave him the empathy and compassion necessary to become a great spiritual leader. Or maybe it was his willingness to explore new ideas and challenge the status quo, even at great personal risk, that allowed him to break free from the constraints of his culture and religion to find a higher truth.

Whatever the case may be, it is clear that Siddhartha’s journey to enlightenment was a complex and multifaceted one, full of twists and turns, moments of doubt, and moments of great clarity.

So let us continue to explore the mysteries of Siddhartha’s path, and in doing so, perhaps we will come closer to understanding our own spiritual journeys as well.