How Did Malcolm X Change the World How Did Malcolm X Change the World

How Did Malcolm X Change the World? The Impact of Malcolm X in 6 Essential Points

Malcolm X, a name that resounds with power and revolution, was a vanguard in the fight for Black rights and equality. Born Malcolm Little in 1925, he grew up to become a prominent minister in the Nation of Islam, a leading figure in the civil rights movement, and a staunch supporter of Black nationalism.

His journey was not one of ease but filled with experiences that molded him into the influential figure we remember today. But, how did Malcolm X change the world?

Well, his life serves as a potent reminder that change often requires courage, conviction, and the willingness to challenge the status quo. This article offers a glimpse into the life and philosophy of Malcolm X, paving the way for a deeper exploration of his struggles, transformations, and profound impact on the world.

How Did Malcolm X Change the World?

Malcolm X’s stance on civil rights was radical in contrast to his contemporaries. He believed in self-defense and advocated for Black Americans to protect themselves “by any means necessary“. This was a clear divergence from the non-violent approach propagated by Martin Luther King Jr., another stalwart of the civil rights movement.

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However, Malcolm X viewed the struggle for racial justice differently. During his tenure as the spokesman of the Nation of Islam, he organized temples, founded a newspaper, and led Temple No. 7 in Harlem, New York. Appointed as the national representative of Islam, he wielded significant influence within the movement.

His messages were powerful, often condemning whites, whom he referred to as the “white devil,” for their historical oppression of blacks. He urged for black power, self-defense, economic autonomy, and racial pride. Notably, he questioned the effectiveness of the civil rights movement’s goal of racial integration through nonviolence, viewing it as unrealistic for Black Americans.

His teachings and advocacy often sparked fear and controversy. Yet, they also ignited a sense of empowerment among his followers and compelled the world to pay attention to the plight of Black Americans.

As Malcolm X famously said, “A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything.” His commitment to stand against racial injustice, regardless of the opposition or misgivings from others, continues to inspire individuals around the world.

Malcolm X’s influence extends beyond the boundaries of America, and his legacy resonates globally. He has left an indelible mark on the world, pushing the narratives of racial equality and justice on every level of human existence.


1. The Life and Struggles of Malcolm X

Malcolm X, whose birth name was Malcolm Little, was born in Omaha, Nebraska, on May 19, 1925. His early life was marked by hardship and tragedy.

  • Father: The tragic death of his father, a Baptist preacher and supporter of Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association, was attributed to white supremacists when Malcolm was just six years old. This devastating event was a harbinger of the trials that lay ahead for the young Malcolm, as his family’s life plunged into economic hardship.
  • Mother: The hardships continued with his mother’s mental health deteriorating under the strain of raising eight children alone. She was committed to a mental institution when Malcolm was thirteen. These experiences, alongside the racial discrimination he faced, instilled a deep-seated anger in him. In a system rigged against him, Malcolm turned to a life of crime, earning him a prison sentence at the age of 20.


Incarceration proved to be a pivotal point in Malcolm’s life. He used his time in prison to educate himself, reading extensively and cultivating his intellect. This period sparked a transformation in Malcolm, igniting his passion for fighting against racial injustice.

It was here that he was introduced to the teachings of the Nation of Islam, which would later play a significant role in shaping his worldview and approach to civil rights advocacy.

Upon his release from prison in 1952, Malcolm joined the Nation of Islam, adopting ‘X’ as his surname to symbolize his lost African ancestry. His charismatic leadership and powerful speeches quickly propelled him to the position of the Nation’s spokesperson.

However, his relationship with the organization became fraught with tension due to ideological differences and personal disagreements with the group’s leader, Elijah Muhammad. These frictions eventually led to his departure from the Nation of Islam in 1964 and his assassination a year later


In retrospect, Malcolm X’s early life experiences shaped his worldview and ignited his passion for racial justice. The tragedies and struggles he faced were instrumental in molding him into an influential figure in the civil rights movement.

His journey from a troubled youth to a leading advocate for black rights serves as a testament to the transformative power of education and self-belief.


2. Malcolm X’s Transformation through Learning and Spirituality

Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, was a man of great influence who had forged a path through hardships and adversity. His transformation into an influential figure was not an overnight occurrence but a product of diligent self-improvement and spiritual evolution, particularly after his conversion to Islam.

Influence of the Nation of Islam

Born into poverty in Omaha, Nebraska, Malcolm’s early life was fraught with difficulties. He fell into the wrong crowd and ended up behind bars. Yet, it was during this time that he found solace and transformation in learning and spirituality.

His brothers introduced him to the teachings of Elijah Muhammad, leader of the Nation of Islam, and he began to immerse himself in the study of these teachings. He changed his name to Malcolm X, the ‘X’ symbolizing his unknown African lineage, a testament to his growing awareness of black identity and history.

Under the mentorship of Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm began to transform both ideologically and spiritually. As one of the organization’s ministers, he dedicated himself to spreading the teachings of the Quran and his newfound knowledge among potential converts.

The profound reverence he developed for Muhammad and his devotion to Allah fueled his dedication.

Pilgrimage to Mecca

The transformative power of learning and spirituality in Malcolm’s life reached a pinnacle when he undertook the Hajj, the Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca. This journey was a turning point for him.

It shifted his perspective from an exclusionary view of racial struggle to an inclusive understanding of human brotherhood. The diverse congregation of pilgrims at Mecca, coming from various races and ethnicities, living and praying together, made him realize the universality of humanity.


His transformation was not just personal, but it also influenced his public discourse. Before his pilgrimage, Malcolm’s rhetoric was likened to apocalyptic prophecy, which stirred listeners to revolutionary action.

But, post-pilgrimage, his speeches began to reflect more inclusivity, similar to the jeremiad prophecy seen in Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s speeches. He sought to move his listeners beyond complacency, advocating for engagement and action against racial injustice.


In essence, Malcolm X’s transformation was a journey of self-discovery and enlightenment. His story is a testament to the power of learning and spirituality in transforming a person’s life and ideology.

His conversion to Islam, his spiritual connection with Allah and Elijah Muhammad, and his pilgrimage to Mecca played foundational roles in shaping Malcolm X, the leader we remember today.


3. Malcolm X’s Philosophy: Communication and Calmness under Pressure

Malcolm X was a man of conviction, known for his tenacity, perseverance, and unwavering commitment to the fight for racial justice. Central to his philosophy were two key principles – the power of effective communication and maintaining calm under pressure.

These traits played pivotal roles in his leadership within the civil rights movement and significantly contributed to his lasting impact.

The Power of Effective Communication

Malcolm X firmly believed that communication is king. His rhetoric, rich in imagery and emotion, carried the weight of his convictions and touched the hearts of many.

Malcolm understood the power of words and harnessed it to challenge the status quo, inspire action, and ignite change. Without his incredible oratory skills, he might not have had the same profound impact.

One example of Malcolm’s belief in the importance of effective communication can be seen in his approach towards political participation. In a speech at the Audubon Ballroom, Malcolm emphasized that citizens should not merely register to vote but register intelligently.

  • He encouraged his audience to think critically about their political actions, urging them not to blindly align with any political party but to stay independent to maintain bargaining power.
  • According to him, registering meant being in a position to take political action, at any time, any place, and in any manner beneficial to them. This highlights his ability to communicate complex ideas simply and effectively.

Staying Calm Under Pressure

Alongside his exceptional communication skills, Malcolm X was notably calm under severe pressure. Despite facing death threats, his house being firebombed, constant FBI scrutiny, and media manipulation, he never wavered from his mission.

His resilience and unyielding spirit made him a beacon of strength amidst the tumultuous times of the civil rights movement.

His calm demeanor was not merely a personal characteristic; it was a strategic tool in his leadership. Malcolm leveraged his collected composure to guide his followers, provide clear direction, and foster unity in the face of adversity. This ability to remain steadfast under pressure painted him as a reliable leader during volatile times, amplifying his influence within the movement.


In essence, Malcolm X’s philosophy of effective communication and calm under pressure fueled his work in advocacy and leadership. They shaped his persona, guided his actions, and laid the foundation for his enduring legacy.


4. Malcolm X’s Impact on the World Stage

Malcolm X, a man of conviction and courage, held a unique perspective that extended beyond the borders of the United States. He urged every citizen to fight for equality on all levels of human existence, not just within their immediate surroundings. His belief was rooted in the idea that the struggle for civil rights was not an isolated issue but part of a global phenomenon.

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This viewpoint was deeply influenced by his understanding of the interconnectedness of oppression across the globe.

  • His belief in this global struggle stemmed from his understanding of the historical oppression of blacks.
  • From his role as the principal spokesman of the Nation of Islam during the 1950s and early 1960s, he argued for black power, self-defense, and economic autonomy, while fostering racial pride.
  • Malcolm X saw Christianity, widely practiced by white Americans, as a tool used to perpetuate the subjugation of the black race.

This view of systemic oppression was not confined to the United States but extended to the global stage, tying into the larger narrative of colonialism and imperialism.

He Shaped the Course of the Civil Rights Movement

To Malcolm X, the struggle for civil rights in America was intrinsically linked to the fight against colonial rule in Africa and Asia. He saw the racial segregation and discrimination faced by African Americans as a microcosm of the broader imperialist agenda, where countries and entire continents were subjugated for their resources and manpower.

This worldview prompted him to advocate for a collaborative approach toward fighting racial injustice and uniting oppressed people across nations.

  • This broader perspective significantly shaped the discourse on civil rights and freedom, making Malcolm X a figure of importance in the global arena.
  • His advocacy for black separatism laid the groundwork for the Black Power movement of the late sixties, influencing and inspiring activists around the world.
  • The ideals of self-determination, racial pride, and autonomy that Malcolm X championed transcended national boundaries, resonating with those facing similar oppressive circumstances worldwide.


In essence, Malcolm X’s influence stretched far beyond the American civil rights movement. His impassioned calls for universal equality and his recognition of the global nature of racial oppression have left an indelible mark on the world stage.

His perspective continues to inspire individuals and movements globally, emphasizing the need for continuous struggle against inequality at all levels of human existence.


5. Facing Opposition: Cheerleaders Turning into Haters

In the journey of life, especially in the life of a public figure like Malcolm X, there are times when supporters can transform into detractors. These instances often emerge when one’s influence grows significantly and begins to challenge existing norms and beliefs.

Malcolm X, as a potent advocate for Black rights and empowerment, was no stranger to this phenomenon.

Malcolm X’s Critique of Martin Luther King Jr.

One of the most notable instances of such opposition occurred within the civil rights movement itself. Initially, Malcolm X had a contentious relationship with other civil rights leaders, including Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. While they shared the goal of defeating white racism and empowering African Americans, their methods differed significantly.

Malcolm X, a proponent of self-defense “by any means necessary,” criticized the nonviolent approach endorsed by Dr. King. He argued that violence was a natural reaction to violence when the government refused to help. This bold stance earned him both admirers and critics.

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Differences with Allies

Moreover, Malcolm X’s transformation after his pilgrimage to Mecca further fueled opposition from some quarters. He returned from Mecca with a shifted perspective, advocating for a brotherhood of all races and abandoning his earlier belief in violence and separation. However, this new outlook didn’t sit well with some of his former allies, notably within the Nation of Islam.

Tragically, it was these individuals who eventually assassinated him in February 1965.


Despite facing opposition from unexpected corners, Malcolm X stood firm in his convictions. He believed in the necessity of self-defense and the importance of global solidarity in the fight against racial injustice. Even when confronted with hostility from those he had once considered allies, he remained steadfast.

His legacy continues to inspire, reminding us that sometimes, the path to true change can be met with resistance, even from those who should ideally be on our side.


6. The Legacy of Malcolm X

Malcolm X, a man whose fiery rhetoric and impassioned advocacy for Black nationalism shook the foundations of America’s racial status quo, left an indelible mark on the world. One of the most enduring aspects of his legacy is his teachings and actions centered around race pride and Black nationalism.

Malcolm X was a staunch believer in Black pride and empowerment. He urged Black Americans to take pride in their African heritage and to break free from the shackles of white superiority. This aspect of his philosophy was a powerful catalyst for change, instilling a sense of self-worth and dignity in countless Black individuals.

Influencing Global Perceptions

His teachings resonated far beyond America’s borders, influencing global perceptions of race and inspiring many to challenge systems of racial inequality. Malcolm X’s commitment to Black self-defense and economic autonomy was seen as a beacon of hope for oppressed communities worldwide.

His belief in Black nationalism also played a significant role in shaping the political landscape of many African nations during their struggle for independence from colonial rule.

The Autobiography of Malcolm X

Another significant part of Malcolm X’s legacy is his Autobiography. Published posthumously in 1965, “The Autobiography of Malcolm X” offers a candid look into his life and beliefs, presenting a compelling narrative of personal transformation and spiritual awakening.

  • This seminal work continues to inspire readers across generations, providing valuable insights into the struggles and triumphs of one of history’s most influential figures.
  • It has become an essential reading for anyone interested in understanding the complexities of racism and the fight for equality.
  • The Autobiography has transcended cultural and geographical boundaries, influencing not just individuals but entire movements globally.
  • It has been translated into numerous languages, reaching a global audience and showing the universality of the struggle against oppression.
  • The book has served as a source of inspiration for numerous activists, scholars, and leaders worldwide, reinforcing Malcolm X’s enduring influence.

From his emphasis on racial pride and Black nationalism to his thought-provoking Autobiography, Malcolm X’s legacy continues to reverberate throughout the world. His teachings and actions have influenced countless individuals and movements, promoting a deeper understanding of racial injustice and inspiring efforts toward equality and justice.

Indeed, Malcolm X’s impact transcends time and geography, proving that his fight for racial equality remains as relevant today as it was during his lifetime.

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What were Malcolm X’s contributions to the Civil Rights Movement?

His contributions include advocacy for Black empowerment, radical approach to civil rights, promotion of Black nationalism, effective communication skills, global perspective, and personal transformation. All played crucial roles in shaping the movement and continue to influence discussions around racial equality today.

How did Malcolm X’s beliefs differ from those of Martin Luther King Jr.?

Their beliefs and approaches differed substantially on non-violence, religious beliefs, views on white people, and integration vs. separation.

What impact did Malcolm X have on the empowerment of African Americans?

Malcolm X played a pivotal role in empowering African Americans to stand up for their rights, take pride in their identity, and strive for self-sufficiency and autonomy. His legacy continues to inspire and empower individuals around the world to this day.

How did Malcolm X’s teachings and speeches inspire political activism?

Malcolm X’s teachings and speeches inspired political activism by encouraging self-defense and promoting Black nationalism. They emphasize effective communication, urging political participation, and providing a global perspective on the fight for racial justice

What was Malcolm X’s role in the Nation of Islam?

As a minister and spokesperson for the Nation of Islam, Malcolm X preached the group’s teachings, which included the belief in the inherent superiority of Black people, the need for racial separatism, and the idea of self-defense in the face of racial violence. He also organized temples, founded a newspaper called Muhammad Speaks, and led Temple No. 7 in Harlem, New York.

How did Malcolm X’s assassination affect the civil rights movement?

Malcolm X’s assassination had a significant impact on the civil rights movement. It marked a critical turning point, influencing the strategies, direction, and intensity of the struggle for racial justice.

How does Malcolm X continue to influence society today?

Malcolm X’s legacy continues to reverberate through modern society, influencing social justice movements, cultural expressions, personal narratives, academic studies, and global perspectives on race and equality.



As we reflect on the life and legacy of Malcolm X, we can draw key lessons that continue to resonate today. This minister, civil rights leader, and staunch advocate for Black nationalism has left an indelible mark not just on America but the world at large.

His teachings centered around self-reliance, justice, and equality, challenging the status quo and sparking vital conversations about race and identity.

Malcolm X’s life teaches us about the driving force of injustice. He saw racial inequality as a compelling reason to act, not an insurmountable obstacle. His lived experiences and observations of the world compelled him to challenge injustice wherever he saw it, demonstrating the power of individual agency in catalyzing social change.

Another enduring lesson from Malcolm X is the significance of self-esteem and self-worth. He challenged African Americans to question why they hated the color of their skin and the texture of their hair, urging them to embrace their heritage and see themselves as descendants of kings and queens.

This speaks to the power of positive self-perception and the importance of dismantling internalized prejudices.

In conclusion, Malcolm X’s life offers valuable lessons about the power of education, the importance of fighting against injustice, the need for unity and strategic voting, the value of self-esteem, and the transformative potential of spiritual growth.

As we remember and honor his legacy, let’s reflect on these lessons and consider how we can apply them in our own lives to create a more equitable and inclusive world.

The video below presents one of his most fiery speeches. Have a look: